Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Faut-il re-nationaliser les entreprises en Afrique ? (Should we re-nationalize enterprises in Africa?)

Contents:

Author Info

  • Prosper Metougue

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    L’économie néoclassique, fondement des politiques d’ajustement des économies africaines estime qu’une crise endogène du système de marché est impossible car il contient des mécanismes autorégulateurs. L’extension du rôle de l’Etat est la source essentielle des déséquilibres car sa présence conduit à une éviction de l’initiative privée. D’où la nécessité de tenir l’Etat à l’écart de l’activité productive marchande. Il faut donc privatiser l’ensemble des entreprises publiques et parapubliques et réduire les transferts et subventions. Les analystes affirment cependant que la situation est loin d’être parfaite en Afrique. La privatisation a certes consolidé les finances publiques car elle a réduit les subventions et procuré aux pouvoirs publics les moyens de faire face aux échéances de la dette publique extérieure. Elle a cependant non seulement conduit beaucoup d’entreprises privatisées à la faillite, mais aggravé la pauvreté. Ainsi se pose la question du rôle de fondamentale de l’entreprise publique dans une économie en crise et ses relations avec le secteur privé local. Neoclassical economics, which inspired the adjustment policies implemented in african economies, considers that an endogenous crisis of the market system is impossible, due to autoregulation mecanisms. The widening of the role of state creates difficulties, supplanting private initiative. This explains the necessity to reduce state intervention in merchant production activities. Public enterprises and semi public ones must be privatized and transfers and subsidies must be reduced. However, according to the experts, the african situation is far from perfect. Privatization has strengthened the public budget, by reducing subsidies and giving to the public agencies the means to face the settlement date of the exterior public debt. Nevertheless, many privatized enterprises have gone bankrupt and poverty has grown. This situation raises the issue of the role of the public enterprise, and of its relations with the private local sector in an economy in a state of crisis.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/wp-content/uploads/2007/04/doc102.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 102.

    as in new window
    Length: 11 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2005
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Juin 2005
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:102

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Maison de la recherche en sciences de l'homme, 21 quai de la Citadelle, 59140 Dunkerque
    Phone: (33) 3 28 23 71 35
    Fax: (33) 3 28 23 71 43 or (33) 3 28 23 71 10
    Email:
    Web page: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: Re-nationalize; enterprise; Africa;

    Find related papers by JEL classification:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:102. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Philippe Chagnon).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.