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Air Pollution Control Policy Options for Metro Manila

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  • Krupnick, Alan

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

  • Fischer, Carolyn

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

  • Morgenstern, Richard

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

  • Logarta, Jose
  • Rufo, Bing

Abstract

The Asian Development Bank has sponsored research on market-based instruments for managing pollution in Metro Manila, Philippines, where air quality is seriously degraded. This report offers three policy options for reducing particulate emissions and their precursors. For stationary sources, we recommend an emissions fee that creates efficient financial incentives to reduce emissions while raising revenues for monitoring and enforcement activities. For mobile sources, we propose a pilot diesel retrofit program using a low-cost technology that is effective at existing 2,000 ppm sulfur content. Second, we recommmend a charge on the sulfur content of diesel fuel to encourage meeting and surpassing the 500 ppm standard to allow for more advanced particulate trap technologies. Although better data are needed—both for designing controls and for evaluating their efficacy—much can be learned just by implementing these programs, so we make recommendations for starting points.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-03-30.

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Date of creation: 31 Dec 2003
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Handle: RePEc:rff:dpaper:dp-03-30

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Keywords: air pollution; emissions tax; Philippines; particulates;

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  1. Tavoulereas, E.S. & Charpentier, J.P., 1995. "Clean Coal Technologies for Developing Countries," Papers 286, World Bank - Technical Papers.
  2. Shah, J.J. & Nagpal, T., 1997. "Urban Air Quality Management Strategy in Asia. Metro Manila Report," Papers 380, World Bank - Technical Papers.
  3. Oskarsson, K. & Berglund, A. & Deling, R. & Snellman, U. & Stenback, O. & Fritz, J.J., 1997. "A PLanner's Guide for Selecting Clean-Coal Technologies for Power Plants," Papers 387, World Bank - Technical Papers.
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Cited by:
  1. Grainger, Corbett A., 2012. "The distributional effects of pollution regulations: Do renters fully pay for cleaner air?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(9-10), pages 840-852.
  2. Parry, Ian & Fischer, Carolyn & Jawahar, Puja & Aguilar , Francisco, 2005. "Corporate Codes of Conduct: Is Common Environmental Content Feasible?," Discussion Papers dp-05-09, Resources For the Future.

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