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Regulating Industrial Water Pollution in the United States

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  • Harrington, Winston

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

Abstract

The performance of the industrial point-source water pollution abatement program in the U.S. Clean Water Act is examined. I begin with a brief description of the statute and then turn to a description of the process used to develop the rules that govern effluent discharges. This is followed by a discussion of the outcomes resulting from efforts to apply these rules to industrial pollutant sources. Two types of outcomes are considered: administrative outcomes and outcomes in the water. Last, the issue of implementation is discussed: how the Clean Water Act may have affected the incentives governing the behavior of industrial dischargers, municipal waste treatment plant operators, and regulators. Surprisingly, there is some evidence that the Clean Water Act, at least as far as industrial point sources are concerned, may be evolving into an effluent fee policy, or at least a mixed policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-03-03.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rff:dpaper:dp-03-03

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Web page: http://www.rff.org
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Related research

Keywords: effluent guidelines; indirect dischargers; water quality;

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Cited by:
  1. Carmen Arguedas & Eva Camacho & José Zofío, 2010. "Environmental Policy Instruments: Technology Adoption Incentives with Imperfect Compliance," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 47(2), pages 261-274, October.
  2. Morgenstern, Richard & Harrington, Winston, 2004. "Evaluating Regulatory Impact Analyses," Discussion Papers dp-04-04, Resources For the Future.
  3. Arguedas, Carmen, 2007. "To Comply or Not To Comply? Pollution Standard Setting Under Costly Monitoring and Sanctioning," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2007/13, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).

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