The Economic Significance of Insignificant Rules
AbstractWe know relatively little about the economic impacts of "minor" or "insignificant" rules because they are not typically analyzed. Yet, these rules could be important, particularly when we consider their aggregate impacts. We provide an economic analysis of one proposed rule to control hazardous air pollutants, which is not considered to be economically significant. This rule is of particular interest because it is likely to be the first in a long series of rules that EPA will use to address residual risk from hazardous air pollutants over the next several years. We find that the proposed controls that EPA considers are not likely to pass a benefit-cost test. Furthermore, we suggest that agencies consider applying a rule of thumb that would specify a threshold level of risk reduction that needs to be achieved before some kinds of regulation are considered. We believe that it is important to consider the impact of small rules more carefully at all levels of government. One way of addressing the problem would be to choose a list of small rules at random and examine their economic consequences. This research could provide insights into the potential economic importance of such rules. It could also provide information on how to utilize analysis more effectively to improve regulatory policy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Regulation2point0 in its series Working paper with number 399.
Date of creation: Aug 2006
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- Kirchhoff, Stefanie & Colby, Bonnie G. & LaFrance, Jeffrey T., 1997. "Evaluating the Performance of Benefit Transfer: An Empirical Inquiry," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 75-93, May.
- Scott Farrow & Stuart Shapiro, 2009. "The Benefit-Cost Analysis of Security Focused Regulations," UMBC Economics Department Working Papers 09-101, UMBC Department of Economics.
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