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Health Insurance and Job Creation by the Self-Employed

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  • Mathur, Aparna

Abstract

Nearly half of all companies surveyed by the National Federation of Independent Business's Education Foundation reported that health insurance costs were a critical problem. States regulate health insurance by mandating minimum levels of certain benefits as part of policies offered. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of state health insurance mandates on job creation by small firms, using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation for 1993-95. Results from an ordered probit regression indicate that the greater the number of mandates in a state, the lower the probability that a self-employed person will hire additional people. These results hold when we consider both the sum of mandates as well as a cost weighted measure of the most expensive mandates. The predicted probability of owning a business with at least one employee decreases by nearly 10 percentage points as the number of mandates increases from 0 to 16.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Regulation2point0 in its series Working paper with number 375.

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Date of creation: May 2006
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Handle: RePEc:reg:wpaper:375

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  1. Marc Cowling & Mark Taylor & Peter Mitchell, 2004. "Job Creators," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 72(5), pages 601-617, 09.
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  18. Cowling, Marc & Mitchell, Peter, 1997. "The Evolution of U.K. Self-Employment: A Study of Government Policy and the Role of the Macroeconomy," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 65(4), pages 427-42, September.
  19. Eric Bartelsman & Stefano Scarpetta & Fabiano Schivardi, 2005. "Comparative analysis of firm demographics and survival: evidence from micro-level sources in OECD countries," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(3), pages 365-391, June.
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Cited by:
  1. André van Stel & José Maria Millán & Concepcion Roman & Ana Millán, 2013. "How does employment protection legislation influence hiring and firing decisions by the smallest firms?," Scales Research Reports H201216, EIM Business and Policy Research.
  2. José María Millán & Emilio Congregado & Concepción Román, 2010. "Determinants of Self-Employment Dynamics and their Implications on Entrepreneurial Policy Effectiveness," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 72, pages 45-76.
  3. C. J. Krizan & Adela Luque & Alice Zawacki, 2014. "The Effect Of Employer Health Insurance Offering On The Growth And Survival Of Small Business Prior To The Affordable Care Act," Working Papers 14-22, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.

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