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The Joint Impact of Social Security and Medicaid on Incentives and Welfare

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  • Tatyana Koreshkova

    (Concordia University)

  • Karen Kopecky

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta)

Abstract

We evaluate the joint effects of social security and Medicaid on labor supply, savings, economic inequality, and welfare in an environment with idiosyncratic risk in labor earnings, health expenses, and survival. The model features households consisting males and females; a progressive social security system which provides insurance against lifetime earnings, health expense, survival and spousal death risks; and a means-tested social insurance system that proxies for the US Medicaid program. We show that the annuity role of social security benefits entails important welfare gains in the presence of health expense risk and Medicaid.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2012 Meeting Papers with number 967.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed012:967

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  1. Jeffrey R. Brown & Amy Finkelstein, 2008. "The Interaction of Public and Private Insurance: Medicaid and the Long-Term Care Insurance Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(3), pages 1083-1102, June.
  2. Huggett, Mark, 1996. "Wealth distribution in life-cycle economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 469-494, December.
  3. John Ameriks & Andrew Caplin & Steven Laufer & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh, 2007. "The Joy of Giving or Assisted Living? Using Strategic Surveys to Separate Bequest and Precautionary Motives," NBER Working Papers 13105, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Palumbo, Michael G, 1999. "Uncertain Medical Expenses and Precautionary Saving Near the End of the Life Cycle," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 66(2), pages 395-421, April.
  5. Kjetil Storesletten & Chris Telmer & Amir Yaron, 1997. "Consumption and risk sharing over the life cycle," GSIA Working Papers, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business 228, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  6. Santiago Budria Rodriguez & Javier Diaz-Gimenez & Vincenzo Quadrini & Jose-Victor Rior-Rull, 2002. "Updated facts on the U.S. distributions of earnings, income, and wealth," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Sum, pages 2-35.
  7. Eric French & John Bailey Jones, 2004. "On the distribution and dynamics of health care costs," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(6), pages 705-721.
  8. Karen E. Dynan & Jonathan Skinner & Stephen P. Zeldes, 2004. "Do the Rich Save More?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(2), pages 397-444, April.
  9. John Karl Scholz & Ananth Seshadri & Surachai Khitatrakun, 2006. "Are Americans Saving "Optimally" for Retirement?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(4), pages 607-643, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Cole, Harold L. & Kim, Soojin & Krueger, Dirk, 2012. "Analyzing the effects of insuring health risks: On the trade-off between short run insurance benefits vs. long run incentive costs," CFS Working Paper Series 2012/18, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).

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