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Macroeconomic Implications of Agglomeration

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  • Toni M. Whited

    (University of Rochester)

  • Jonas D.M. Fisher

    (Chicago Fed)

  • Morris A. Davis

    (University of Wisconsin)

Abstract

We construct a dynamic general equilibrium model of cities and use it to estimate the effect of local agglomeration on per capita consumption growth. Agglomeration affects growth through the density of economic activity: higher production per unit of land raises local productivity. Firms take productivity as given; produce using a technology that has constant returns in developed land, capital, and labor; and accumulate land and capital. If land prices are rising, as they are empirically, firms economize on land. This behavior increases density and contributes to growth. We use a panel of U.S. cities and our model's predicted relationship among wages, output prices, housing rents, and labor quality to estimate the net e®ect of agglomeration on local wages. The impact of agglomeration on the level of wages is estimated to be 2 percent. Combined with our model and observed increases in land prices, this estimate implies that agglomeration raises per capita consumption growth by 10 percent.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2010 Meeting Papers with number 1330.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed010:1330

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Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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References

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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Macroeconomic implications of agglomeration
    by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2010-02-22 01:36:12
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Cited by:
  1. Jeffrey Lin, 2011. "Urban productivity advantages from job search and matching," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Q1, pages 9-16.
  2. Davis, Morris A. & Fisher, Jonas D. M. & Veracierto, Marcelo, 2013. "Gross Migration, Housing and Urban Population Dynamics," Working Paper Series WP-2013-19, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  3. Gerald A. Carlino, 2011. "Three keys to the city: resources, agglomeration economies, and sorting," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Q3, pages 1-13.
  4. Jan Eeckhout & Roberto Pinheiro & Kurt Schmidheiny, 2010. "Spatial Sorting: Why New York, Los Angeles and DetroitAttract the Greatest Minds as well as the Unskilled," CESifo Working Paper Series 3274, CESifo Group Munich.

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