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CEO Turnover in a Competitive Assignment Framework

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  • Camelia M. Kuhnen

    (Northwestern University)

  • Andrea L. Eisfeldt

    (Northwestern University)

Abstract

This paper considers the empirical stylized facts about CEO turnover in the context of a competitive assignment model in which CEOs and firms form matches based on multiple characteristics. CEOs are viewed as hedonic goods with multidimensional skill bundles. Likewise, firms' production functions have heterogeneous weights on CEO skills such as firm-specific knowledge, ability to grow sales, and ability to cut costs. There exists a competitive market for CEOs, whose wages are determined analogously to the prices of the hedonic goods in Rosen (1974). The competitive assignment framework with multiple skill dimensions is able to capture several stylized facts which are not explained by existing theories. For example, in our model, both poor relative performance and poor absolute performance are associated with higher rates of CEO turnover. Relative performance evaluation matters even though there is no agency problem or learning, and overall industry performance aspects turnover as well. Our model also makes predictions about the type and pay of the replacement manager conditional on turnover type which are consistent with patterns we document empirically. For example, managers who are fired are more likely to be replaced by industry outsiders than are managers who quit or retire. Moreover, replacement managers in these cases earn significantly more than the incumbent. To document pay and replacement type as a function of the type of turnover event, we construct a large dataset describing turnover events during the period 1992-2006, including the type of turnover event, and the characteristics and pay of the replacement manager.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2010 Meeting Papers with number 1081.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed010:1081

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Cited by:
  1. Edmans, Alex & Gabaix, Xavier, 2010. "Risk and CEO Market: Why Do Some Large Firms Hire Highly-Paid, Low-Talent CEOs?," Working Papers 10-17, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center.
  2. Simeon Alder, 2010. "In the Wrong Hands: Complementarities, Resource Allocation, and TFP," Working Papers 018, University of Notre Dame, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2012.
  3. William Mullins & Antoinette Schoar, 2013. "How do CEOs see their Role? Management Philosophy and Styles in Family and Non-Family Firms," NBER Working Papers 19395, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Edmans, Alex & Gabaix, Xavier, 2010. "Risk and the CEO Market: Why Do Some Large Firms Hire Highly-Paid, Low-Talent CEOs?," CEPR Discussion Papers 7836, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Pierre Chaigneau & Nicolas Sahuguet, 2014. "Explaining the Association between Monitoring and Controversial CEO Pay Practices: an Optimal Contracting Perspective," Cahiers de recherche 1406, CIRPEE.
  6. Keloharju, Matti & Knüpfer, Samuli, 2014. "Match Made at Birth? What Traits of a Million Swedes Tell Us about CEOs," Working Paper Series 1024, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  7. Giannetti, Mariassunta, 2007. "Serial CEO Incentives and the Structure of Managerial Contracts," CEPR Discussion Papers 6422, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Geoffrey Tate & Liu Yang, 2013. "The Bright Side Of Corporate Diversification: Evidence From Internal Labor Markets," Working Papers 13-40, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  9. Ronald W. Anderson & Maria Cecilia Bustamante & Stéphane Guibaud, 2012. "Agency, firm growth, and managerial turnover," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 43144, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  10. Florian S. Peters & Alexander F. Wagner, 2012. "The Executive Turnover Risk Premium," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-021/2/DSF30, Tinbergen Institute.
  11. Ronald W. Anderson & M. Cecilia Bustamante & Stéphane Guibaud, 2012. "Agency, Firm Growth, and Managerial Turnover," FMG Discussion Papers dp711, Financial Markets Group.
  12. Pierre Chaigneau & Nicolas Sahuguet, 2013. "The effect of monitoring on CEO pay practices in a matching equilibrium," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 55405, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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