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Joint-Search Theory: New Opportunities and New Frictions

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  • Giovanni L. Violante

    (NYU)

  • Fatih Guvenen

    (University of Minnesota)

  • Bulent Guler

    (University of Texas, Austin)

Abstract

Search theory routinely assumes that decisions about acceptance/rejection of job offers (hence, about labor market movements between jobs or across employment states) are made by individuals acting in isolation. In reality, the vast majority of workers are somewhat tied to their partners into couples and families, and decisions are joint. This paper studies, from a theoretical viewpoint, the joint job-search and location problem of a household formed by a couple (e.g., husband and wife) who perfectly pool income. The objective of the exercise, very much in the spirit of standard search theory, is to characterize the reservation wage behavior of the couple and compare it to the single-agent search model in order to derive the implications of partnerships for individual labor market outcomes and wage dynamics. We focus on two main cases. First, when couples are risk averse and pool income, joint-search yields new opportunities---similar to on-the-job search--- relative to the single-agent search. Second, when the couple faces offers from multiple locations and a cost of living apart, joint-search features new frictions and can lead to worse outcomes than single-agent search.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2008 Meeting Papers with number 856.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed008:856

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Greg Kaplan & Sam Schulhofer-Wohl, 2012. "Understanding the long-run decline in interstate migration," Working Papers 697, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  2. Marcassa, Stefania, 2012. "Unemployment Duration of Spouses: Evidence From France," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1204, CEPREMAP.
  3. Willemijn Van Der Straaten & Jan Rouwendal, 2011. "Why are the commuting distances of power couples so short? An analysis of the location preferences of households," ERSA conference papers ersa10p816, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Bulent Guler, 2013. "Dual Income Couples and Interstate Migration," 2013 Meeting Papers 898, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  5. Ek, Susanne & Holmlund, Bertil, 2010. "Family Job Search, Wage Bargaining, and Optimal Unemployment Insurance," Working Paper Series, Center for Labor Studies 2010:1, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  6. Sekyu Choi, 2013. "On Households and Unemployment," 2013 Meeting Papers 992, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  7. Mankart, Jochen & Oikonomou, Rigas, 2012. "Household Search and the Aggregate Labor Market," Economics Working Paper Series 1225, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
  8. Flabbi, Luca & Mabli, James, 2012. "Household Search or Individual Search: Does It Matter? Evidence from Lifetime Inequality Estimates," IZA Discussion Papers 6908, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Jan Eeckhout, 2012. "Matching Information," 2012 Meeting Papers 835, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  10. Zhou, Jidong, 2011. "Multiproduct search," MPRA Paper 37139, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Rodolfo E. Manuelli & Adrian Peralta-Alva, 2011. ""Frictions in financial and labor markets": a summary of the 35th Annual Economic Policy Conference," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue July, pages 273-292.
  12. Andrew Shephard, 2011. "Equilibrium Search and Tax Credit Reform," Working Papers 1336, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
  13. Anna Zaharieva, 2011. "Social Welfare and Wage Inequality in Search Equilibrium with Personal Contacts," Working Papers 459, Bielefeld University, Center for Mathematical Economics.

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