Endogenously Segmented Market in a Search-Theoretic Model of Monetary Exchange
AbstractThis paper studies the long run effects of monetary policy in a micro-founded model with trading frictions and endogenous market segmentation. Agents must pay a fixed cost to participate in a centralized liquidity market. By endogenizing the participation decision, this model endogenizes the responses of velocity, output, the degree of market segmentation, as well as the distribution of money. As inflation decreases, agents are induced to participate less frequently in the centralized liquidity market, leading to a lower velocity of money, a smaller liquidity market, fewer resources spent on market participation and higher heterogeneity in money holdings across agents. The welfare costs of inflation implied are different from previous papers in the literature since inflation can distort the agents consumption profile, affect market participation, and redistribute money holdings. The model provides a general framework that nests several existing search models as special cases for different specifications of the fixed cost.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2006 Meeting Papers with number 441.
Date of creation: 03 Dec 2006
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Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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search; money; monetary policy; inflation; market segmentation;
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- E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
- E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
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