The Role of Fertility in Gender Differences in Labor Market Outcomes
AbstractWe develop a quantitative theory of gender differences in labor market participation, hours worked, labor turnover, and human capital accumulation. In our theory, young females expect to face higher labor turnover and to work less hours than males because they allocate time to child rearing. As a result, females have less incentives than males to exert effort in accumulating human capital on the job which, in turn, affects labor market participation decisions. We calibrate our model to the U.S. economy and perform two experiments. First, we assume an exogenous reduction in the time allocated by females to child rearing activities which leads to an increase in the labor supply of females relative to males. Our goal is to evaluate how changes in female labor market participation can account for the reduction in the gender wage gap in the U.S. during the period 1950-1990. Second, we study the consequences of parental leave policies on fertility decisions and gender differences in employment and wages.
Download InfoTo our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2004 Meeting Papers with number 467.
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/society.htm
More information through EDIRC
Fertility; Gender Wage Gap; Employment; Hours Worked; Parental Leave Policies;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
- J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
- J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christian Zimmermann).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.