Extending Shift-Share Decomposition through Cluster Analysis: an Application to New Firm Formation in British Counties
AbstractFirm formation has been advocated by policy-makers and examined by researchers as a vehicle for job creation and economic development. Both industrial structures and the firm formation rates of individual industries vary regionally. For instance, Ashcroft et al (1991) showed that firm formation rates vary significantly between U.K. counties. While shift-share analysis has been used as a decomposition technique (Dunn, 1960) to account for these differences, a shortcoming is that the regional shift is affected by the level of regional employment in a given industry. Also, firm formation rates in each industry are likely to be partly determined by the industrial structure of a region. This paper extends the shift-share methodology developed by Johnson (1983) to incorporate a cluster analysis of the industrial structure of regional employment in order to further separate regional and sectoral components of firm formation in British counties in the1980s and 1990s. Firm formation is measured using VAT registration rates.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Henley Business School, Reading University in its series Economics & Management Discussion Papers with number em-dp2010-06.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 15 Aug 2010
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-07-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2011-07-21 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-SBM-2011-07-21 (Small Business Management)
- NEP-URE-2011-07-21 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Esteban-Marquillas, J. M., 1972. "I. A reinterpretation of shift-share analysis," Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 249-255, October.
- David B. Audretsch & Max Keilbach, 2007. "The Theory of Knowledge Spillover Entrepreneurship," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(7), pages 1242-1254, November.
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