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Constrained firms, not subsistence activities: Evidence on capital returns and accumulation in Peruvian microenterprises

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Author Info

  • Göbel, Kristin

    (University of Hamburg)

  • Grimm, Michael

    (University of Passau, Erasmus University Rotterdam, IZA, DIW)

  • Lay, Jann

    (University of Göttingen, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg)

Abstract

We investigate the returns to capital and capital accumulation using panel data of Peruvian micro enterprises (MEs). Marginal returns to capital are found to be very high at low levels of capital, but rapidly decreasing at higher levels. The dynamic analyses of capital accumulation in MEs suggest that credit constraints explain a major part of the variation in firm growth. We find a very large positive effect of household non-business wealth on capital stocks of MEs. We also show a sizable effect of risk on accumulation and pronounced interactions between wealth and risk. The presented evidence is consistent with poorly endowed entrepreneurs who operate in imperfect capital markets and a very risky environment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its series Working Papers with number 2013-001.

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Date of creation: Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2013-001

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Keywords: Micro and small enterprises; credit constraints; risk; risk aversion; firm growth; Peru;

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  1. de Mel, Suresh & McKenzie, David & Woodruff, Christopher, 2007. "Returns to Capital in Microenterprises: Evidence from a Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 2934, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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