The Effect of Education on Health: Cross-Country Evidence
AbstractThis paper sheds light on the causal relationship between education and health outcomes. It combines three surveys (SHARE, HRS and ELSA) that include nationally representative samples of people aged 50 and over from thirteen OECD countries. It uses variation in the timing of educational reforms across these countries as an instrument for education. Using IV-Probit models, it finds causal evidence that more years of education lead to a lower probability of reporting poor health and lower prevalence for diabetes and hypertension. These effects are larger than those from the Probit, that do not control for the endogeneity of education. The relationship between education and cancer is positive in both Probit and IV-Probit models. The causal impacts of education on other chronic conditions as well as functional status are not established using IV-Probit models.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by RAND Corporation Publications Department in its series Working Papers with number 864.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2011
Date of revision:
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education; health; causality; compulsory schooling laws;
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- Sahlgren, Gabriel H., 2012. "Work ‘til You Drop: Short- and Longer-Term Health Effects of Retirement in Europe," Working Paper Series 928, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
- James M. Poterba & Steven F. Venti & David A. Wise, 2013. "Health, Education, and the Post-Retirement Evolution of Household Assets," NBER Working Papers 18695, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Laura Crespo & Borja López-Nodal & Pedro Mira, 2013. "Compulsory Schooling, Education And Mental Health: New Evidence From Sharelife," Working Papers wp2013_1304, CEMFI.
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