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Cobertura del Sistema Privado de Capitalizacion en Chile, Colombia y Mexico

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  • Emma Aguila

    ()

  • Orazio Attanasio
  • Ximena Quintanilla

Abstract

Este estudio compara las diferencias de cobertura en los sistemas de pensiones de capitalizacion individual en tres pa’ses de Latinoamerica. En Chile, Colombia y Mexico, aun cuando cada uno de ellos tiene sistema de pensiones de contribuciones definidas, hay diferencias significativas en el diseno e incentivos de cada sistema que pueden afectar la participacion de los individuos en el mismo. El presente estudio examina la cobertura del sistema de pensiones comparando el diseno de los sistemas, el desempeno economico y la estructura del mercado laboral de cada pa’s. Se consideraron las diferentes trayectorias macroeconomicas y las estructuras de los mercados laborales de cada pais, especialmente las relativas al sector laboral informal. Adicionalmente, utilizamos micro-datos para examinar como las caracter’sticas personales y del hogar afectan la participacion en el sistema de pensiones. En el caso de Colombia, solo se llevan a cabo estimaciones de corte transversal, mientras que para Chile y Mexico los datos longitudinales permiten controlar la heterogeneidad no observada. Nuestro estudio revela que las bajas tasas de cobertura de cada sistema de pensiones esta estrechamente relacionada con los ciclos economicos y la falta de contribuciones obligatorias al sistema por los trabajadores independientes. Encontramos que los hombres, jefes de familia, con un mayor numero de miembros en el hogar, casados y con mayores niveles educativos tiene una mayor probabilidad de contribuir al sistema. Asimismo, las mujeres con altos niveles de educacion tienen mas probabilidad de contribuir al sistema de pensiones.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by RAND Corporation Publications Department in its series Working Papers with number 642.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ran:wpaper:642

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