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The Design of Multilevel Survey of Children, Families, and Communities: The Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey

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  • Narayan Sastry
  • Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar
  • John Adams
  • Anne R. Pebley
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    Abstract

    In the last ten years, there has been a growing interest in the role of neighborhoods in shaping a variety of outcomes for families, adults, and children. Although theoretical perspectives are well advanced and the basic statistical methods for modeling neighborhood effects are in place, a major shortcoming concerns the limitations of existing datasets. Recent studies concerned with understanding children's outcomes have not been designed with the explicit goal of supporting multilevel modeling. This makes it difficult to address the most important unresolved research issue in this area, which is to develop an understanding of the causal effects of neighborhoods factors. In this paper, the authors describe the sampling design of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Study (L.A.FANS), a new survey of children, families, and neighborhoods in Los Angeles County. This survey was designed explicitly to support multilevel studies on a number of topics, including child development, residential mobility, and welfare reform. The study is longitudinal and includes a baseline survey and several follow-up waves, which will track previously interviewed respondents and will include a sample of new entrants into the sampled neighborhoods. The authors highlight the main design and analytical considerations that shaped the study. The authors also describe the results of an in-depth statistical investigation of the survey's ability to support multilevel analyses that were carried out as part of the study design.

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    File URL: http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/reprints/2007/RAND_RP1241.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by RAND Corporation Publications Department in its series Working Papers with number 03-21.

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    Length: 55 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2003
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ran:wpaper:03-21

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    1. Anne C. Case & Lawrence F. Katz, 1991. "The Company You Keep: The Effects of Family and Neighborhood on Disadvantaged Youths," NBER Working Papers 3705, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Daniel Aaronson, . "Using Sibling Data to Estimate the Impact of Neighborhoods on Children's Educational Outcomes," IPR working papers 95-20, Institute for Policy Resarch at Northwestern University.
    3. Chamberlain, Gary, 1980. "Analysis of Covariance with Qualitative Data," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 225-38, January.
    4. Evans, William N & Oates, Wallace E & Schwab, Robert M, 1992. "Measuring Peer Group Effects: A Study of Teenage Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(5), pages 966-91, October.
    5. Barrett Lee & R. Oropesa & James Kanan, 1994. "Neighborhood Context and Residential Mobility," Demography, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 249-270, May.
    6. Narayan Sastry, 1996. "Community characteristics, individual and household attributes, and child survival in brazil," Demography, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 211-229, May.
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