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Demographic Projections, the Environment and Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Author Info

  • Tukufu Zuberi

    (Population Studies Center and Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania)

  • Kevin J.A. Thomas

    (Population Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University)

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    Abstract

    Given above-average population growth, feeding sub-Saharan Africa’s future population is an important challenge. This paper considers what we know about the relationship between population and food security and what population projections suggest will be the case over the next half century. It considers how the major sources of population change will affect food security in Africa during this period. Furthermore, it articulates the implications of population shocks, including HIV/AIDS and conflicts, on food security. The paper also discusses the implications of population increases on the environment and the use of land. Finally it suggests that land reform can be used to ameliorate some of the negative consequences of growth on food security.

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    File URL: http://web.undp.org/africa/knowledge/WP-2012-001-zuberi-thomas-demography-environment.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by United Nations Development Programme, Regional Bureau for Africa (UNDP/RBA) in its series Working Papers with number 2012-001.

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    Length: 24 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:rac:wpaper:2012-001

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    Web page: http://web.undp.org/africa/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Population; food security; environment; HIV/AIDS; Africa; Development; malnutrition; natural resources;

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    References

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    1. Tibaijuka, Anna Kajumulo, 1997. "AIDS and economic welfare in peasant agriculture: Case studies from Kagabiro village, Kagera region, Tanzania," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 963-975, June.
    2. Akresh, Richard & Verwimp, Philip & Bundervoet, Tom, 2007. "Civil war, crop failure, and child stunting in Rwanda," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4208, The World Bank.
    3. Juma, Calestous, 2011. "The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199783199.
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