Why the US and not Brazil? Old Elites and the Development of a Modern Economy
AbstractOld elites can block changes, but not all do. Why is it that stronger elites may allow more changes than weaker elites? Why do economies with larger stocks of natural resources not grow faster than economies poorer in natural resources? We argue that old elites hold some power to extract rents from the economy. Whereas old sectors (i.e. agriculture or extraction of natural resources) are not affected by rent extraction, modern sectors require investments that do react to rent extraction. At the same time, a modern sector relies on networks of firms. These structures form the basis of political power of a new elite, which reduces the ability of the old elite to extract rents. We show that countries rich in natural resources provide their old elite with incentives to extract rents so high that the private sector has no incentives to build up a modern economy. If the old elite is either politically very strong or the natural resource sector is small compared to the potential of the modern sector, the old elite will choose to extract smaller rents from a growing sector. Some empirical evidence completes the paper.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology in its series Paul Frijters Discussion Papers with number 2004-1.
Date of creation: 15 Jun 2004
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Uwe Dulleck & Paul Frijters, 2004. "Why the US and not Brazil? Old Elites and the Development of a Modern Economy," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 186b, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
- Uwe Dulleck & Paul Frijters, 2004. "Why the US and not Brazil? Old Elites and the Development of a Modern Economy," Vienna Economics Papers 0408, University of Vienna, Department of Economics.
- H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
- O14 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
- O38 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Will the resource curse stifle democracy in Libya?
by Paul Frijters in Core Economics on 2011-08-23 05:24:43
- Will the resource curse stifle democracy in Libya?
by Paul Frijters in Club Troppo on 2011-08-23 05:23:19
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