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Political Motivations and Electoral Competition: Equilibrium Analysis and Experimental Evidence

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  • Michalis Drouvelis

    ()
    (University of Birmingham)

  • Alejandro Saporiti

    ()
    (University of Manchester)

  • Nicolaas J. Vriend

    ()
    (Queen Mary, University of London)

Abstract

classical one-dimensional election game with two candidates. These candidates are interested in power and ideology, but their weights on these two motives are not necessarily identical. Apart from obtaining the well known median voter result and the two-sided policy differentiation outcome, the paper uncovers the existence of two new equilibrium configurations, called 'one-sided' and 'probabilistic' policy differentiation, respectively. Our analysis shows how these equilibrium configurations depend on the relative interests in power (resp., ideology) and the uncertainty about voters' preferences. The theoretical predictions are supported by the data collected from a laboratory experiment, as we observe convergence to the Nash equilibrium values at the aggregate as well as at the individual levels in all treatments, and the comparative statics effects across treatments are as predicted by the theory.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers with number 710.

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Date of creation: Oct 2013
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Handle: RePEc:qmw:qmwecw:wp710

Note: This is a revision of Working Paper No. 682.
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Keywords: Electoral competition; Power; Ideology; Uncertainty; Nash equilibrium; Experimental evidence;

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Cited by:
  1. Jon X. Eguia & Antonio Nicolò, 2011. "On the Efficiency of Partial Information in Elections," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 234, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
  2. Alejandro Saporiti, 2013. "Power Sharing and Electoral Equilibrium," The School of Economics Discussion Paper Series 1301, Economics, The University of Manchester.

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