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Walras and Dividends Equilibrium with Possibly Satiated Consumers

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  • Nizar Allouch

    ()
    (Queen Mary, University of London)

  • Cuong Le Van

    ()
    (Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, CNRS)

Abstract

The main contribution of the paper is to provide a weaker non-satiation assumption than the one commonly used in the literature to ensure the existence of competitive equilibrium. Our assumption allows for satiation points inside the set of individually feasible consumptions, provided that the consumer has satiation points available to him outside this set. As a result, we show the concept of equilibrium with dividends (See Aumann and Dreze (1986), Mas-Collel (1992)) is pertinent only when the set of satiation points is included in the set of individually feasible consumptions. Our economic motivation stems from the fact that in decentralized markets, increasing the incomes of consumers through dividends, if it is possible, is costly since it involves the intervention of a social planner. Then, we show, in particular, how in securities markets our weak nonsatiation assumption is satisfied by Werner's (1987) assumption.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers with number 555.

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Date of creation: Mar 2006
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Handle: RePEc:qmw:qmwecw:wp555

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Keywords: Satiation; Dividends; Equilibrium; Exchange Economy; Short-selling;

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References

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  1. LE VAN, Cuong & BA MINH, Nguyen, 2004. "No-arbitrage condition and existence of equilibrium with dividends," CORE Discussion Papers 2004034, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Kajii, Atsushi, 1996. "How to discard non-satiation and free-disposal with paper money," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 75-84.
  3. Dana, Rose-Anne & Le Van, Cuong & Magnien, François, 1996. "On the different notions of arbitrage and existence of equilibrium," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9616, CEPREMAP.
  4. Allouch, Nizar & Le Van, Cuong & Page, Frank Jr., 2002. "The geometry of arbitrage and the existence of competitive equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 373-391, December.
  5. Makarov, V. L., 1981. "Some results on general assumptions about the existence of economic equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 87-99, March.
  6. Alexander Konovalov, 2005. "The core of an economy with satiation," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 711-719, 04.
  7. Aumann, Robert J & Dreze, Jacques H, 1986. "Values of Markets with Satiation or Fixed Prices," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(6), pages 1271-1318, November.
  8. Werner, Jan, 1987. "Arbitrage and the Existence of Competitive Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(6), pages 1403-18, November.
  9. Dreze, Jacques H. & Muller, Heinz, 1980. "Optimality properties of rationing schemes," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 131-149, October.
  10. Page Jr., Frank H. & Wooders, Myrna Holtz, 1996. "A necessary and sufficient condition for the compactness of individually rational and feasible outcomes and the existence of an equilibrium," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 153-162, August.
  11. Cornet, Bernard & Topuzu, Mihaela & Yildiz, Aysegul, 2003. "Equilibrium theory with a measure space of possibly satiated consumers," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 175-196, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Battauz, Anna & De Donno, Marzia & Ortu, Fulvio, 2011. "Intertemporal asset pricing and the marginal utility of wealth," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 227-244, March.
  2. Allouch, Nizar & Florenzano, Monique, 2013. "Edgeworth rejective core and dividends equilibria of satiated exchange economies," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 1-6.
  3. Martins-da-Rocha, Victor Filipe & Monteiro, Paulo Klinger, 2007. "Unbounded exchange economies with satiation: how far can we go?," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 646, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  4. Sato, Norihisa, 2010. "Satiation and existence of competitive equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 534-551, July.
  5. Miyazaki, Kentaro & Takekuma, Shin-Ichi, 2013. "A note on the existence of Walras equilibrium in irreducible economies with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Discussion Papers 2013-14, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
  6. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:3:y:2008:i:73:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. D. Won & G. Hahn & N. Yannelis, 2008. "Capital market equilibrium without riskless assets: heterogeneous expectations," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 183-195, March.
  8. Miyazaki, Kentaro & Takekuma, Shin-Ichi, 2012. "On the existence of Walras equilibrium in irreducible economies with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Discussion Papers 2012-05, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
  9. Norihisa Sato, 2008. "Some sufficient conditions for the existence of a competitive equilibrium in economies with satiated consumers," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 3(73), pages 1-8.
  10. Nizar Allouch & Monique Florenzano, 2012. "Fuzzy Rejective Core of Satiated Economies with Unbounded Consumption Sets," Working Papers 690, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  11. Won, Dong Chul & Yannelis, Nicholas C., 2011. "Equilibrium theory with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 245-250, March.

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