The nature of NGO microfinance in Vietnam and stakeholdersï¿½ perceptions of effectiveness
AbstractThe microfinance industry in Vietnam, particularly those sponsored by non-government organisations (NGOs), has experienced rapid expansion in recent years. While there have been anecdotal reports alluding to their contribution in alleviating poverty, a systematic analysis of this issue has been lacking. In a bid to help address this shortcoming, this paper reports on data that was obtained during a survey and interview process that incorporated various stakeholders including financial donors, NGO-sponsored microfinance institutions (NMPs), village leaders and NMP members and non-members. Firstly, the nature of NMPs is described - their objectives, target groups and the financial products they offer. Secondly, perceptions of NMPs effectiveness are discussed from the standpoint of various stakeholders. NMPs are found to be at a critical juncture. While their activities are widely perceived to contribute to poverty alleviation, their future viability is clouded by donor requirements that they become financially self-sufficient. At the same time, certain government policies make achieving this goal very difficult.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia in its series EAERG Discussion Paper Series with number 0305.
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-10-15 (All new papers)
- NEP-MFD-2005-10-15 (Microfinance)
- NEP-SEA-2005-10-15 (South East Asia)
- NEP-SOC-2005-10-15 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
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- Ahmad, Usman, 2011. "Efficiency Analysis of Micro-finance Institutions in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 34215, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Thi Lan, Le & Tran, Nhu-An, 2005. "Towards a viable microfinance sector in Viet Nam : issues and challenges," ILO Working Papers 386000, International Labour Organization.
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