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Multidimensional Inequality: An Empirial Application to Brazil

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  • Patricia Justino

    ()
    (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, Department of Economics, University of Sussex)

  • Julie Litchfield

    ()
    (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, Department of Economics, Universtity of Sussex)

  • Yoko Niimi

    ()
    (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex)

Abstract

This paper illustrates two empirical approaches to the measurement of multidimensional inequality. The first approach is based on the analysis of the independent distribution of monetary and nonmonetary welfare attributes. The second approach considers pair-wise joint distributions of those attributes, hence allowing for differences in the various distributions, as well as possible correlations between the attributes. The analysis is based on household survey data from Brazil for 1996. We focus on inequalities in income, education, health and political participation outcomes. We calculate the extent of vertical and horizontal monetary and non-monetary inequalities, examine the determinants of both types of inequality and analyse their impact on household welfare. Our results show that economic analyses based solely on the distribution of income variables will not portray fully the degree of socio-economic and political inequalities in Brazil. In fact, traditional analysis of inequality may overestimate the extent of inequality, as education and other non-monetary welfare attributes appear to be more equally distributed in Brazil than income.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex in its series PRUS Working Papers with number 24.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: May 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pru:wpaper:24

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Postal: School of Social Sciences and Cultural Studies, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9SN
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Web page: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Units/PRU/
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Keywords: multidimensional inequality; education inequalities; health inequalities; political inequalities; household data; Brazil;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés & Tselios, Vassilis, 2008. "Mapping Regional Personal Income Distribution in Western Europe: Income per Capita and Inequality," Papers DYNREG33, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  2. Paola Salardi, 2008. "Brazilian Poverty Between And Within Groups: Decomposition By Geographical, Group-Specific Poverty Lines," PRUS Working Papers 41, Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex.
  3. Maria Ana Lugo, 2008. "Multidimensional Poverty Measures from an Information Theory Perspective," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp011, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  4. Ramses H. Abul Naga, 2008. "Statistical Inference for MultidimensionalInequality Indices," STICERD - Distributional Analysis Research Programme Papers 097, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.

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