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The Determinants of Rural Non-Farm Employment in Two Villages of Andhra Pradesh (India)

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  • Prasada Mecharla
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    Abstract

    This paper explains the factors which affect rural non-farm employment in two villages; using primary data from the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, it analyses the reasons for the variations between an agriculturally-developed village and one which is less developed. The survey, conducted during 1993-94 covered a total of 465 households in Veeravalli and 354 households in Anandapuram villages of two districts of A.P. This paper seeks to test ‘distress diversification’ against ‘ agricultural growth linkages’ as explanations of employment of the propensity of rural people to be involved in the RNFS. Unlike other studies of rural non-farm employment in Asia or Africa, this paper brought together these two opposite hypotheses into a single framework. The data analysis by a detailed household survey on the nature and determinants of the rural non-farm employment supports the hypothesis that growth linkages are the main explanation for high shares in, and the growth of, ‘modern’ RNFE, and distress diversification for ‘traditional’ RNFE. It also demonstrates a strong, significant association between traditional RNFE and low literacy and modern RNFE and high literacy.

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    File URL: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Units/PRU/wps/wp12.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex in its series PRUS Working Papers with number 12.

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    Length: 52 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:pru:wpaper:12

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    1. Ranis, Gustav & Stewart, Frances, 1993. "Rural nonagricultural activities in development : Theory and application," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 75-101, February.
    2. Hazell, Peter B. & Haggblade, Steven, 1990. "Rural - urban growth linkages in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 430, The World Bank.
    3. J. A. Hausman, 1976. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Working papers 185, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    4. Lewis, W Arthur, 1979. "The Dual Economy Revisited," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 47(3), pages 211-29, September.
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