Evolution of the influence of geography on the location of production in Spain (1930-2005)
AbstractIn this paper, we investigate the relative importance of geographic features on the location of production in Spain. Specifically, we want to quantify how much of the spatial pattern of GDP can be attributed to only exoge-nous first nature elements (physical and political geography) and how much can be derived from endogenous second nature factors (man-made agglomeration economies). In order to disentangle both effects empiri-cally, and to learn how they are interrelated, we control for second nature. We use a methodology based on an analysis of variance (ANOVA), which is applied to a panel of 47 Spanish provinces in the period 1930-2005. We demonstrate that results can be biased if spatial autocorrelation and spatial heterogeneity, as well as multicollinearity and endogeneity, are not prop-erly taken into account. In the Spanish case, we detect strong spatial het-erogeneity in the form of two main clusters. As expected, gross second na-ture forces are more important than net natural advantages, though their effects range from about 55% in the hinterland to 80% in the coast.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 9580.
Date of creation: 03 Feb 2008
Date of revision:
Agglomeration; Geography; Spatial Heterogeneity; Endogeneity; Spanish Regions;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-07-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2008-07-30 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-URE-2008-07-30 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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