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Impact du commerce extérieur sur la productivité au sein des secteurs en Tunisie : cas de l’industrie manufacturière
[Impact of foreign trade on productivity within sectors in Tunisia: the case of manufacturing industry]

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Author Info

  • Derbel, Hatem
  • Abdelkafi, Rami
  • Chkir, Ali

Abstract

This paper provides an empirical evidence of the impact of foreign trade on the sectorial productivity for the Tunisian manufacturer sector. The objective is to show that the insufficiency of the traditional theory in the explanation of the impact of the international trade on the labour market can be explained by the presence of an intrasectorel component that results from the reaction of firms facing the competition. Using recent unit root procedures applied to panel data regressions (Im, Pesaran & Shin’s (1997) and coïntegration tests (Pedroni’s (1999)), the results exhibit a positive impact of value added and trade on the productivity of the manufacturer sector. The survey by sector shows that the value added acts positively on all sectors whereas for trade a positive and statistically significant effect exist only for the ICH and IMD sectors.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 8533.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
Date of revision: Oct 2007
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:8533

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Keywords: Commerce extérieur; marché du travail; productivité sectorielle;

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  1. Matthew J. Slaughter, 1998. "What Are the Results of Product-Price Studies and What Can We Learn From Their Differences?," NBER Working Papers 6591, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. George J. Borjas & Richard B. Friedman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1997. "How Much Do Immigration and Trade Affect Labor Market Outcomes?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(1), pages 1-90.
  3. Pasaran, M.H. & Im, K.S. & Shin, Y., 1995. "Testing for Unit Roots in Heterogeneous Panels," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9526, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  4. Robert E. Baldwin & Glen G. Cain, 1997. "Shifts in U.S. Relative Wages: The Role of Trade, Technology and Factor Endowments," NBER Working Papers 5934, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Olivier Cortes & Sébastien Jean, 1994. "Comment mesurer l'impact du commerce international sur l'emploi ? Une note méthodologique," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 279(1), pages 3-11.
  6. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1, octubre-d.
  7. Olivier Cortes & Sébastien Jean, 1997. "Les échanges internationaux modifient la demande de travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 301(1), pages 45-50.
  8. Pedroni, Peter, 2004. "Panel Cointegration: Asymptotic And Finite Sample Properties Of Pooled Time Series Tests With An Application To The Ppp Hypothesis," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(03), pages 597-625, June.
  9. Nathalie Courtot & Hervé Bonnaz & Dominique Nivat, 1994. "Le contenu en emplois des échanges industriels de la France avec les pays en développement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 279(1), pages 13-33.
  10. Leahy, Dermot & Montagna, Catia, 1997. "Strategic Trade Policy When Firms Have Different Efficiency Levels," CEPR Discussion Papers 1549, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Henri Sterdyniak & Catherine Mathieu, 1994. "L'émergence de l'Asie en développement menace-t-elle l'emploi en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(1), pages 55-106.
  12. Olivier Cortès & Sébastien Jean, 1997. "Quel est l'impact du commerce extérieur sur la productivité et l'emploi ?," Working Papers 1997-08, CEPII research center.
  13. Edward E. Leamer, 1996. "In Search of Stolper-Samuelson Effects on U.S. Wages," NBER Working Papers 5427, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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