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Growth, Unemployment and Tax/Benefit system in European Countries

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  • Quintero-Rojas, Coralia
  • Adjemian, Stéphane
  • Langot, François

Abstract

This paper analyzes how the frictions in the labor market simultaneously affect the economic growth and the long run unemployment. To this goal, we develop a Schumpeterian model of endogenous growth: agents have the choice of being employed or being doing R&D activities. Unemployment is caused by the wage-setting behavior of unions. We show that: (i) High labor costs or powerful trade unions lead to higher unemployment and lower economic growth. (ii) Efficient bargain allows to increase employment, at the price of a lower growth rate. These theoretical predictions are consistent with our empirical analysis based on 183 European Regions, between 1980-2003. Finally, in a welfare exercise, we show that the optimal growth rate can be reached by compensating the distortions on the goods-sector due to the growth process with the distortions induced by the labor market rigidities.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 7909.

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Date of creation: 14 Mar 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:7909

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Keywords: Endogenous growth; unemployment; labor market institutions; welfare;

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  1. Alberto Alonso & Cristina Echevarria & Kien C. Tran, 2004. "Long-Run Economic Performance and the Labor Market," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 70(4), pages 905-919, April.
  2. Francesco Daveri & Guido Tabellini, . "Unemployment, Growth and Taxation in Industrial Countries," Working Papers 122, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  3. Nickell, S. & Layard, R., 1997. "Labour Market Institutions and Economic Performance," Papers, Centre for Economic Performance & Institute of Economics 23, Centre for Economic Performance & Institute of Economics.
  4. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1991. "Growth and Unemployment," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 577, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Blanchard, Olivier & Wolfers, Justin, 2000. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C1-33, March.
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