Determinants of Declining Child Sex Ratio in India: An Empirical Investigation
AbstractUsing fixed effects model of pooled least squares for the last four decennial census data across fifteen major states in India; the paper examined the determinants of declining child sex ratio in India. The results suggest that the child sex ratio is inversely related to the spatial socio-economic characteristics, in particular, female literacy rate and female economic activity rate; with relatively higher elasticity coefficients for urban India. The spatial spillover effects associated with juvenile sex ratio is controlled in the models, however the spatial dependence of the phenomenon was found insignificant. The monotonic decline in the juvenile sex ratio over the last four decades despite the improving socioeconomic characteristics reinforces the existence of gender discriminatory practices which starts even before birth; which requires urgent attention of public policy, as improving literacy and economic value of woman is necessary but not sufficient for enhancing the relative life chances of girl child.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 7602.
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
sex ratio; fixed effects; missing women; female economic activity rate; decennial census;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
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- Rebeca Echávarri & Roberto Ezcurra, 2010. "Education and gender bias in the sex ratio at birth: Evidence from India," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 249-268, February.
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