Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Environment in Developing Countries: The Case of Nigeria
AbstractThis article aims at investigating the impact of trade openness on pollution and resource depletion in Nigeria. Results indicate that pollution is positively related to trade intensity and real GDP per square kilometer, while capital to labor ratio and GNP are negatively related to pollution. In addition, strong evidence suggests that trade intensity, real GDP per square kilometer and GNP are positively related to environmental degradation indicating that the technique, scale, and total effects of liberalization are detrimental to the environment. The composition effect of trade liberalization on natural resource utilization,on the other hand, is beneficial. A number of policy implications emerge from the study for Nigeria as well as other developing economies.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 731.
Date of creation: 08 Nov 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Journal of Developing Societies 1.22(2006): pp. 39-56
development; environmental degradation; environmental Kuznets Curve; trade liberalization;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q27 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Issues in International Trade
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-11-12 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2006-11-12 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2006-11-12 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-INT-2006-11-12 (International Trade)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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