Japan’s foreign aid sanctions policy toward African countries
AbstractThis paper examines Japan’s aid sanctions policy toward African countries since new guidelines for Japanese ODA were introduced. There were three cases of positive reinforcement in Africa, i.e. in Madagascar, Zambia) and Guinea. Also, the Japanese government implemented nine negative reinforcements in the region, i.e. in Kenya, Zaire, Malawi, Sudan, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Togo, Nigeria and Gambia. Although Japan applied positive reinforcement and provided additional foreign aid to assist the political and economic reforms in three African countries, it would be an oversimplification to say that these “positive reinforcement” methods have effectively contributed to the improvement of the political situations in these countries. On the other hand, whether Japan’s and other aid donors’ measures of the “negative reinforcement” have effectively contributed to the improvement of the political situation in African countries remains as a contentious issue.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 5947.
Date of creation: 26 Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
- O55 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
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- Howard Stein, 1998. "Japanese aid to Africa: Patterns, motivation and the role of structural adjustment," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(2), pages 27-53.
- Furuoka, Fumitaka, 2009. "International Comparison of Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) policy," MPRA Paper 11899, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Furuoka, Fumitaka, 2007. "A Critical Assessment of Japan’s Foreign Aid Sanctions Policy: Case Studies of Latin American Countries," MPRA Paper 5990, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Furuoka, Fumitaka, 2007. "Japan’s Positive and Negative Aid Sanctions Policy Toward Asian Countries: Case Studies of Thailand and Indonesia," MPRA Paper 6218, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Furuoka, Fumitaka, 2007. "Japan’s foreign Aid Sanctions Policy Toward China," MPRA Paper 6238, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Nikitina, Larisa & Furuoka, Fumitaka, 2008. "Japan’s Foreign Aid Sanctions Policy after the End of Cold War," MPRA Paper 6757, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Pazim, Khairul Hanim, 2008. "Japan’s Positive Aid Sanctions Policies: Case Study of African Developing Countries," MPRA Paper 11917, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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