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Análisis de las disparidades regionales en Colombia: una aproximación desde la estadística espacial, 1985 – 2010
[Analysis of regional disparities in Colombia: an approach from spatial statistics, 1985 - 2010]

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  • Moncada Mesa, Jhonny
  • Loaiza Quintero, Osmar Leandro

Abstract

Resumen: Este trabajo tiene por objetivo determinar si existe convergencia en la actividad económica de los municipios de Colombia, medida por medio de los Ingresos Tributarios per cápita, para el periodo 1985-2010. Con este fin se realiza un análisis exploratorio de datos espaciales, elaborando los indicadores de Moran Global y Local; además, se construye la Matriz de Markov del Moran Local, donde se encuentra autocorrelación espacial positiva entre los municipios del país, sobresaliendo las Áreas Metropolitanas ubicadas en Cundinamarca y Antioquia. Por otro lado, se testea la hipótesis de convergencia no condicional mediante estimaciones de convergencia clásica, en primera medida, para luego incluir explícitamente la dependencia espacial en el modelo de regresión. De esta forma, se concluye que hay convergencia en los municipios colombianos para el periodo analizado, llegado a una velocidad de convergencia aproximada de 3,34% anual.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 51405.

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Date of creation: 30 Oct 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:51405

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Keywords: Economía espacial; econometría espacial; disparidad regional; convergencia; Spatial Economics; Spatial Econometrics; Regional Disparity; Convergence;

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  1. Puga, Diego, 1999. "The rise and fall of regional inequalities," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 303-334, February.
  2. Boris Branisa & Adriana Cardozo, 2009. "Revisiting the Regional Growth Convergence Debate in Colombia Using Income Indicators," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 194, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research, revised 21 Aug 2009.
  3. Cardenas, Mauricio & Ponton, Adriana, 1995. "Growth and convergence in Colombia: 1950-1990," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 5-37, June.
  4. Jaime Bonet Morón & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1999. "La convergencia Regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo, 1926-1995," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002955, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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