Effects of Uncertainty on Household Saving Rate
AbstractIn this master thesis we attempted to investigate the role of economic uncertainty in driving the behavior of household savings for six European countries: Germany, France, Finland, United Kingdom (UK), Portugal and Italy. We focused on three main sources of economic uncertainty: Unemployment Risk, Fiscal Policy Uncertainty and Financial Crisis-Investment risk. We used Unemployment rate as a proxy for labor income uncertainty and the risk of an income loss. We computed the volatility of financial stock prices for each country as an indicator for the presence of a financial crisis. With regard to policy uncertainty, we employed three different measures: a Policy Uncertainty Index constructed by Baker, Bloom, and Davis; Debt to GDP ratio and Government Surplus / Deficit over GDP. We estimated first a Structural Vector Autoregressive (SVAR) model, separately for each country, using quarterly data from 1999 to 2012 and we compared country-specific impulse responses on savings rates. We found that household savings rate reacts in response to fiscal and unemployment shocks differently in each country, whereas we didn’t find any significant response to financial stock price volatility. We then proceeded with the Bayesian estimation of the reduced form VARs for the panel of countries mentioned above as a Hierarchical Linear Model. We focused our analysis on the Average Impulse Responses with the aim of analyzing the aggregate effect on household savings of shocks shared by all countries.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 51208.
Date of creation: 17 Jun 2013
Date of revision:
Household saving rate; uncertainty; fiscal; financial; unemplyoment;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
- E29 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Other
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Christoph Basten & Andreas Fagereng & Kjetil Telle, 2012.
"Saving and portfolio allocation before and after job loss,"
672, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
- Christoph Basten & Andreas Fagereng & Kjetil Telle, 2012. "Saving and Portfolio Allocation Before and After Job Loss," KOF Working papers 12-298, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ekkehart Schlicht).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.