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What is MENA Region Initially Needed: Grow Output or Mitigate CO2 Emissions?

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  • Farhani, Sahbi
  • Shahbaz, Muhammad
  • Sbia, Rashid

Abstract

This paper examines the question: ‘What is Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region initially needed: grow output or mitigate CO2 emissions? This question is a focus on the issue of both production function and environmental function based on the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) approach. Adopting a new analytical framework, the empirical study parallels two approaches: i) First one follows the studies of Lean and Smyth (2010a) and Sadorsky (2012) which examine the dynamic interaction of energy consumption and trade openness using production function; ii) Second one extends the recent works of Halicioglu (2009), and Jayanthakumaran et al. (2012) which attempt to introduce energy consumption and trade openness in the environmental function as a mean to circumvent omitted variable bias. For nine MENA countries over the period 1990-2011, the empirical results appear to be relevant in light of the growing literature on the cointegration and causal relationships. Policy implications for a better environment indicate that MENA countries should adopt policies to control the increase of pollution as well as to stabilize the productivity growth. One of these policies consists to facilitate the role of energy use by increasing the share of renewable energy relative to non-renewable energy sources.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 48859.

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Date of creation: 04 Aug 2013
Date of revision: 05 Aug 2013
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48859

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Keywords: Growth; Energy; CO2 Emissions; MENA;

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Cited by:
  1. Ahmed Atil & Amine Lahiani & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2014. "Asymmetric and nonlinear passthrough of crude oil prices to gasoline and natural gas prices," Working Papers 2014-569, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  2. Anis Omri & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2014. "On the determinants of renewable energy consumption: International Evidence," Working Papers 2014-535, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  3. Anis Omri & Duc Khuong Nguyen & Christophe Rault, 2014. "Causal interactions between CO2 emissions, FDI, and economic growth: Evidence from dynamic simultaneousequation models," Working Papers 2014-542, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  4. Zied Ftiti & Aviral Tiwari & Amél Belanès & Khaled Guesmi, 2014. "Tests of Financial Market Contagion: Evolutionary Cospectral Analysis V.S. Wavelet Analysis," Working Papers 2014-577, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  5. Muhammad Shahbaz & Rashid Sbia & Helmi Hamdi & Ijaz Ur Rehman, 2014. "The Role of Information Communication Technologyand Economic Growth in Recent Electricity Demand: Fresh Evidence from Combine Cointegration Approachin UAE," Working Papers 2014-523, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  6. Mehmet Balcılar & Rıza Demirer & Shawkat Hammoudeh & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2014. "Risk Spillovers across the Energy and Carbon Markets and Hedging Strategies for Carbon Risk," Working Papers 2014-552, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  7. Mohamed Arouri & Christophe Rault & Frédéric Teulon, 2014. "Economic policy uncertainty, oil price shocks and GCC stock markets," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(3), pages 1822-1834.
  8. Ihtisham Abdul Malik & Ghamz-e-Ali Siyal & Alias Bin Abdullah & Arif Alam & Khalid Zaman, 2014. "Turn on the Lights: Macroeconomic Factors Affecting Renewable in Pakistan," Working Papers 2014-518, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  9. Walid Chkili & Chaker Aloui & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2014. "Instabilities in the relationships and hedging strategies between crude oil and US stock markets: do long memory and asymmetry matter?," Working Papers 2014-549, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.

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