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Creativity, cities and innovation

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  • Lee, Neil
  • Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés

Abstract

The creative industries have long been seen as an innovative sector. More recent research posits that creative occupations are also a fundamental, but overlooked, driver of innovation. Theory also suggests cities are important for both creative industries and occupations, with urban environments helping firms innovate. Yet little empirical work has considered the links between creative industries, occupations, cities and innovation at the firm level. This paper addresses this gap using a sample of over 9,000 UK SMEs. Our results stress that creative industries firms are more likely to introduce original product innovations, but not those learnt from elsewhere. Creative occupations, however, appear a more robust general driver of innovation. We find no support for the hypothesis that urban creative industries firms are particularly innovative. However, creative occupations are used in cities to introduce product innovations learnt elsewhere. The results suggest future work needs to seriously consider the importance of occupations in empirical studies of innovation.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 48758.

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Date of creation: Jul 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48758

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Keywords: Innovation; Creative Industries; Creative Occupations; Cities; Learning;

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  1. Pierre Therrien, 2005. "City and innovation: Different size, different strategy," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(6), pages 853-877, September.
  2. Gernot Grabher, 2001. "Ecologies of creativity: the Village, the Group, and the heterarchic organisation of the British advertising industry," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 33(2), pages 351-374, February.
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  7. Gilles Duranton & Diego Puga, 2000. "Nursery cities: urban diversity, process innovation and the life-cycle of products," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 20204, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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  12. Rune Dahl Fitjar & Andr�s Rodr�guez-Pose, 2011. "When local interaction does not suffice: sources of firm innovation in urban Norway," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 43(6), pages 1248-1267, June.
  13. Emanuela Marrocu & Raffaele Paci, 2012. "Education or Creativity: What Matters Most for Economic Performance?," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 88(4), pages 369-401, October.
  14. Mark Freel & Richard Harrison, 2006. "Innovation and cooperation in the small firm sector: Evidence from 'Northern Britain'," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(4), pages 289-305.
  15. Martin, Roman & Moodysson, Jerker, 2010. "Innovation in symbolic industries: the geography and organisation of knowledge sourcing," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy 2010/7, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  16. Gernot Grabher, 2002. "The Project Ecology of Advertising: Tasks, Talents and Teams," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(3), pages 245-262.
  17. Roberta Comunian & Alessandra Faggian & Qian Cher Li, 2010. "Unrewarded careers in the creative class: The strange case of bohemian graduates," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(2), pages 389-410, 06.
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Cited by:
  1. Stephan Brunow & Bastian Stockinger, 2013. "Establishments' and Regions' Cultural Diversity as a Source of Innovation: Evidence from Germany," Norface Discussion Paper Series, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London 2013022, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.

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