Global Insecurity,Transparency and Sustainable Development:African Challenges
AbstractNotably, the 20th century was dominated by the legacy of devastating global wars, colonial struggles, and ideological conflicts as well as effort s to establish international systems that would foster global peace and prosperity. Yet, insecurity and corruption not only remain, they have become the primary development challenges of the 21st century. In particular, new threats such as organized crime, trafficking, civil unrest and terrorism have supplemented continued pre-occupation with conventional war between and within countries. In other words, risks are evolving with new threats to stability arising from international organized crime and global economic instability. Thus, a fundamental rethink is needed on the approaches of international actors to manage global risks collectively. This paper therefore argues that strengthening legitimate institutions and governance to provide citizen security, justice and jobs is crucial to break cycles of violence while stimulating development in Africa. Furthermore, defeating a terrorist network requires African nations to work with international partners to disrupt criminal and terrorist financial networks as well as eliminating the safe havens that protect (and facilitate) this activities. Perhaps, the key solution may be the biblical decree that stated that the weapons of our warfare are not carnal but mighty through GOD in pulling down strongholds and demonic imaginations. As a road-map to sustainable development, the paper recommends the need for restoring confidence, transforming institutions(procedures), providing specialized assistance, acting regionally(globally) to reduce external(internal) stresses on fragile(failed)states of Africa. For the Nigerian case, break-up might be inevitable and revolutionary.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 48752.
Date of creation: 31 Jul 2013
Date of revision:
violence; insecurity; Africa; failed state; transparency; corruption; terrorism; wars; crime; development; sustainability; governance; human development; human security; economic policies; growth; conflicts; poverty; institutions; vulnerability; stresses; violence; cycles; resilience; justice; jobs;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D0 - Microeconomics - - General
- D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
- D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
- D7 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
- D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search, Learning, and Information
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- F0 - International Economics - - General
- F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
- H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
- H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
- I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
- J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
- K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
- N4 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics
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- Abadie, Alberto, 2004.
"Poverty, Political Freedom, and the Roots of Terrorism,"
Working Paper Series, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government
rwp04-043, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
- Alberto Abadie, 2006. "Poverty, Political Freedom, and the Roots of Terrorism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 50-56, May.
- Alberto Abadie, 2004. "Poverty, Political Freedom, and the Roots of Terrorism," NBER Working Papers 10859, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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