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Economic Miracle of Post-Soviet Space: Why Uzbekistan Managed to Achieve What No Other Post-Soviet State Achieved

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  • Popov, Vladimir

Abstract

Uzbekistan is not usually considered an economic success story, but in fact it is: its GDP increased since 1989 more than in any other post-communist country, except for China, Vietnam and Turkmenistan. The success of Uzbekistan is very much similar to the Chinese – gradual economic reforms with the preservation of the capacity of state institutions, good macroeconomic policy and export oriented industrial policy. What makes Uzbekistan unique is that no other former Soviet republic managed to follow this route. There are countries with healthy state finances and low inflation (most FSU states), there are some countries with reasonable state capacity (Baltics, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan), but there are no countries that keep undervalued exchange rate together with strong tax stimuli for export of manufactures. Uzbek example shows that such a policy pays off.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 48723.

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Date of creation: 30 Jul 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48723

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Keywords: Transition; Growth; Export orientation; Industrial policy; Uzbekistan;

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  1. Popov, Vladimir, 2010. "To devalue or not to devalue? How East European countries responded to the outflow of capital in 1997-99 and in 2008-09," MPRA Paper 28112, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Vladimir Popov, 2000. "Shock Therapy Versus Gradualism: The End Of The Debate (Explaining The Magnitude Of Transformational Recession)," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 42(1), pages 1-57, April.
  3. Surjit S. Bhalla, 2012. "Devaluing to Prosperity: Misaligned Currencies and Their Growth Consequences," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 6239.
  4. Polterovich, Victor & Popov, Vladimir, 2005. "Appropriate Economic Policies at Different Stages of Development," MPRA Paper 20066, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Jeromin Zettelmeyer, 1998. "The Uzbek Growth Puzzle," IMF Working Papers 98/133, International Monetary Fund.
  6. Polterovich, Victor & Popov, Vladimir, 2003. "Accumulation of Foreign Exchange Reserves and Long Term Growth," MPRA Paper 20069, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Trushin, Eskender & Carneiro, Francisco, 2013. "Changing for the Better: The Path to Upper-Middle-Income Status in Uzbekistan," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 119, pages 1-6, June.
  8. Kevin M. Murphy & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1988. "Industrialization and the Big Push," NBER Working Papers 2708, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Dollar, David, 1992. "Outward-Oriented Developing Economies Really Do Grow More Rapidly: Evidence from 95 LDCs, 1976-1985," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 40(3), pages 523-44, April.
  10. Vladimir Popov, 2007. "Shock Therapy versus Gradualism Reconsidered: Lessons from Transition Economies after 15 Years of Reforms1," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 49(1), pages 1-31, March.
  11. Polterovich, Victor & Popov, Vladimir, 2006. "Stages of Development, Economic Policies and a New World Economic Order," MPRA Paper 20055, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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