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The Evolution of Taxes and Hours Worked in Austria, 1970-2005

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  • Dalton, John

Abstract

Aggregate hours worked per working-age person decreased in Austria by 25% from 1970 to 2005. During the same time period, taxes increased, particularly the effective marginal tax rate on labor income. Using a standard general equilibrium growth model with taxes, I quantitatively assess the role played by the evolution of taxes on the evolution of hours worked in Austria. The model accounts for 76% of the observed decrease in hours worked per working-age person. My results are in line with other studies, such as Prescott (2002), which find taxes play an important role in explaining aggregate hours worked.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 48222.

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Date of creation: May 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48222

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Keywords: taxes; labor supply; growth accounting; dynamic general equilibrium;

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  1. Lee Ohanian & Andrea Raffo & Richard Rogerson, 2006. "Long-term changes in labor supply and taxes: evidence from OECD countries, 1956-2004," Research Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City RWP 06-16, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  2. Deniz Cicek & Ceyhun Elgin, 2010. "Not-Quite-Great Depressions of Turkey: A Quantitative Analysis of Economic Growth over 1968 - 2004," Working Papers, Bogazici University, Department of Economics 2010/07, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
  3. Douglas Gollin, 2002. "Getting Income Shares Right," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 458-474, April.
  4. Helmut Hofer & Reinhard Koman, 2006. "Social security and retirement incentives in Austria," Empirica, Springer, Springer, vol. 33(5), pages 285-313, December.
  5. Mendoza, Enrique G. & Razin, Assaf & Tesar, Linda L., 1994. "Effective tax rates in macroeconomics: Cross-country estimates of tax rates on factor incomes and consumption," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 297-323, December.
  6. Timothy J. Kehoe & Edward C. Prescott (), 2007. "Great depressions of the twentieth century," Monograph, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, number 2007gdott.
  7. Juan Carlos Conesa & Timothy J. Kehoe & Kim J. Ruhl, 2007. "Modeling Great Depressions: The Depression in Finland in the 1990s," NBER Working Papers 13591, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Rogerson, Richard & Wallenius, Johanna, 2009. "Micro and macro elasticities in a life cycle model with taxes," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 144(6), pages 2277-2292, November.
  9. Timothy Kehoe & Edward Prescott, 2002. "Data Appendix to Great Depressions of the Twentieth Century," Technical Appendices kehoe02, Review of Economic Dynamics.
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