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Effets des pôles de compétitivité dans les industries de haute technologie : une analyse d'économie industrielle de l'innovation
[Effects of competitiveness clusters in high technology industries: an industrial economics analysis of innovation]

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  • Iritié, Jean-Jacques B-G.

Abstract

The theoretical framework of this thesis is the industrial economics applied to the analysis of technological innovation. Its main purpose is to assess the effects of competitiveness clusters policy on the incentives of firms to innovate. In particular, it aims to understand the informational mechanisms by which this new industrial policy impacts the levels of R&D investment of firms and their activities. The first chapter presents the general framework of the thesis and explains the elements of economic theory underlying the emergence of R&D based-clusters. The second chapter, our first theoretical contribution, analyzes the effects of clusters on R&D investments of firms which cooperate at the R&D stage and compete à la Cournot on product market in a two-stage game. The third chapter, our second theoretical contribution, focuses on the effects of the cluster in vertical relationship between a supplier of technology and integrators. The fourth chapter is intended to find illustrations for the theoretical results through informations gathered from actors of competitiveness clusters, specially in the case of Minalogic at Grenoble (Isere France).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 46686.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:46686

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Related research

Keywords: Competitiveness clusters; Knowledge spillovers; Incentives to innovate; R&D cooperation; Adoption; Uncertainty.;

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  1. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1992. "Real Effects of Academic Research: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 363-67, March.
  2. Amir, Rabah, 2000. "Modelling imperfectly appropriable R&D via spillovers," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(7), pages 1013-1032, October.
  3. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1988. "Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An Empirical Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 678-90, September.
  4. Aghion, P. & Howitt, P., 1989. "A Model Of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 527, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  5. Alexiadis, Stilianos & Eleftheriou, Konstantinos, 2010. "The ‘Trade-off’ between Spatial Equity and Economic Efficiency Revisited: Evidence from the US States," MPRA Paper 24372, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Paul Almeida & Bruce Kogut, 1999. "Localization of Knowledge and the Mobility of Engineers in Regional Networks," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 45(7), pages 905-917, July.
  7. Arthur, W Brian, 1989. "Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-In by Historical Events," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(394), pages 116-31, March.
  8. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-40, June.
  9. Zoltan J. Acs & David B. Audretsch, 1988. "Testing the Schumpeterian Hypothesis," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 14(2), pages 129-140, Apr-Jun.
  10. Astebro, Thomas B. & Dahlin, Kristina B., 2005. "Opportunity knocks," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1404-1418, November.
  11. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Scholarly Articles 12490578, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  12. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1987. "Innovation, Market Structure, and Firm Size," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(4), pages 567-74, November.
  13. Audretsch, David B. & Feldman, Maryann P., 2004. "Knowledge spillovers and the geography of innovation," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 61, pages 2713-2739 Elsevier.
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