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Exchange Control and SADC Regional Integration

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  • Ellyne, Mark
  • Chater, Rachel
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    Abstract

    This paper addresses the issue of foreign exchange and capital controls in the context of the Southern African Development Community’s goal of regional integration. It reviews the theory and evidence surrounding current and capital account liberalisation and argues that there is a lack of sufficiently refined de jure measures of capital account openness. A new index for measuring exchange control restrictiveness is created based on data from the International Monetary Fund’s Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAER) for the 15 SADC member states. It identifies substantial variation in the exchange control regulations across SADC countries that other existing, more indices fail to account for. The new index illustrates the considerable range of variation of exchange restrictiveness within SADC, as well as illustrating SADC’s relative exchange restrictiveness compared with other countries, inside and outside of Africa. The new index also correlates with several measures of financial development, certain balance of payment items, and some measures of institutional development, which makes it a useful measure for SADC integration. The paper highlights the challenges for SADC monetary union in the sphere of exchange control.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 46648.

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    Date of creation: 30 Mar 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:46648

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    Keywords: Exchange controls; SADC; capital controls; regional integration;

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