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Labour Market Activities of Rural Households in developing countries

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  • Jatta, Sylvester
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    Abstract

    Abstract Using national data from 14 representative developing countries, this paper explores rural wage employment and its potential as a mechanism for improving the living standards of the rural poor. The analysis suggests that the sector of employment (agricultural or non-agricultural) and the overall household livelihood strategy appear to be of limited importance in determining whether a household uses wage employment as a pathway out of poverty. Rather, high-productivity wage employment appears to be linked to the underlying assets of the household and its individual members. In particular, the evidence points to educational and infrastructure investment as critical for providing opportunities in the labour market that lead to higher wages. The analysis also suggests that gender is very important for participation in labour markets as well as wages earned in those markets, indicating that special attention be given to the gender consequences of any labour policy.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/46543/
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 46543.

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    Date of creation: 25 Apr 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:46543

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    Related research

    Keywords: Key words: rural labour market; mechanism; assets; educational and infrastructure investment; labour markets; gender; pathway out of poverty; livelihood strategies; non-agricultural employment.;

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    1. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua & Sangraula, Prem, 2007. "New evidence on the urbanization of global poverty," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4199, The World Bank.
    2. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Esther Duflo, 2008. "What Is Middle Class about the Middle Classes around the World?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 3-28, Spring.
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