Fertility and Female Labor Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China
AbstractUsing population census data, this paper examines the causal effect of childbearing on married women's labor force participation in urban China. To ameliorate the endogeneity of fertility, we exploit twin births as the instrument for the number of children. While the ordinary least squares estimates indicate that having one more child reduces female labor force participation by 6.7% and 8.5% in 1990 and 2000 respectively, the instrumental variable estimates suggest very small and insignificant effects for both years.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 44552.
Date of creation: 29 Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Female labor force participation; Fertility; One-Child Policy;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-03-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2013-03-16 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2013-03-16 (Development)
- NEP-TRA-2013-03-16 (Transition Economics)
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