Cluster Policy: Principles and a Toolbox
AbstractCluster policy has become a method of choice for economic policymakers in many nations and regions in both industrialized and developing countries. Since the beginning of the 1990s, the policy is being perceived by politicians and practitioners as a way to anchor economic activity in locations even during gales of globalization. Yet no comprehensive theory of cluster policy has been formulated. Such a theory is necessary to establish a sound theoretical foundation for practical cluster promotion strategies if they are to stand a chance to systematically achieve their goals. Moreover, this theory must be linked with the general theory of economic policy. To gain policy relevance, the theory should offer a toolbox for cluster promotion practitioners and policy makers. This article proposes principles that integrate cluster policy in this broader theoretical context and suggests a toolbox.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43847.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
cluster policy; cluster theory; clusters; industrial policy; regional structural policy; sectoral structural policy; agglomeration; structural change;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O25 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
- O38 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
- L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
- L53 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Enterprise Policy
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