Voting with Your Feet: Political Competition and Internal Migration in the United States
AbstractDo people "vote with their feet" due to a lack of political competition? We formalize the theory of political competition and migration to show that increasing political competition lowers political rent leading to net in-migration. Our empirical application using US data supports this prediction. We �find that an increase in political competition - in the order of magnitude observed in US Southern states during the post-war period - leads to an increase in net migration of approximately 36 individuals per 1000 population. In comparison, birth rates over the last century ranged between 70 and 150 births per 1000 population.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43601.
Date of creation: 16 Oct 2012
Date of revision:
political competition; internal migration; welfare; Voting Rights Act;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H70 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - General
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- N92 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-01-12 (All new papers)
- NEP-CDM-2013-01-12 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-MIG-2013-01-12 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-POL-2013-01-12 (Positive Political Economics)
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