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Voting with Your Feet: Political Competition and Internal Migration in the United States

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  • Liu, Wai-Man
  • Ngo, Phong

Abstract

Do people "vote with their feet" due to a lack of political competition? We formalize the theory of political competition and migration to show that increasing political competition lowers political rent leading to net in-migration. Our empirical application using US data supports this prediction. We �find that an increase in political competition - in the order of magnitude observed in US Southern states during the post-war period - leads to an increase in net migration of approximately 36 individuals per 1000 population. In comparison, birth rates over the last century ranged between 70 and 150 births per 1000 population.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43601.

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Date of creation: 16 Oct 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43601

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Keywords: political competition; internal migration; welfare; Voting Rights Act;

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  14. H. Spencer Banzhaf & Randall P. Walsh, 2008. "Do People Vote with Their Feet? An Empirical Test of Tiebout," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(3), pages 843-63, June.
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  17. Greenwood, Michael J, 1975. "Research on Internal Migration in the United States: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 397-433, June.
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