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Non-Linear Fiscal Regimes and Interest Rate Policy

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  • Piergallini, Alessandro

Abstract

Much empirical evidence finds that governments react to fiscal imbalances in a non-linear way, through an increasing marginal response of primary surpluses to changes in debt. This paper shows that non-linear fiscal regimes alter equilibria under active and passive monetary-fiscal policies. The Fisher equation combined with non-linear fiscal policies leads to multiple steady states. Under passive interest rate rules, even if the steady state at which fiscal policy is active is locally saddle-path stable, there exist infinite equilibrium paths originating in the neighborhood of that steady state which converge into a high-debt trap. Under active interest rate rules, even if the steady state at which fiscal policy is active is locally unstable, there exists a saddle connection with the high debt equilibrium along which inflation is uniquely determined.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 42671.

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Date of creation: 14 Oct 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:42671

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Keywords: Non-Linear Fiscal Rules; Interest Rate Policy; Multiple Equilibria; Global Dynamics;

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  1. Gabriella Legrenzi & Costas Milas, 2012. "Nonlinearities And The Sustainability Of The Government'S Intertemporal Budget Constraint," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 50(4), pages 988-999, October.
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  3. Andrea Cipollini & Bassam Fattouh & Kostas Mouratidis, 2009. "Fiscal Readjustments In The United States: A Nonlinear Time-Series Analysis," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 47(1), pages 34-54, 01.
  4. Gabriella Legrenzi & Costas Milas, 2012. "Fiscal Policy Sustainability, Economic Cycle and Financial Crises: The Case of the GIPS," Working Paper Series 54_12, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
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  6. Jess Benhabib & Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 1999. "Monetary Policy and Multiple Equilibria," Departmental Working Papers 199914, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  7. Fan, Jingwen & Arghyrou, Michael G, 2011. "UK Fiscal Policy Sustainability, 1955-2006," Cardiff Economics Working Papers E2011/9, Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School, Economics Section.
  8. Georgios Chortareas & George Kapetanios & Merih Uctum, 2008. "Nonlinear Alternatives to Unit Root Tests and Public Finances Sustainability: Some Evidence from Latin American and Caribbean Countries," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 70(5), pages 645-663, October.
  9. Henning Bohn, 1998. "The Behavior Of U.S. Public Debt And Deficits," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(3), pages 949-963, August.
  10. John Considine & Liam A. Gallagher, 2008. "Uk Debt Sustainability: Some Nonlinear Evidence And Theoretical Implications," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 76(3), pages 320-335, 06.
  11. Leeper, Eric M., 1991. "Equilibria under 'active' and 'passive' monetary and fiscal policies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 129-147, February.
  12. Oscar Bajo-Rubio & Carmen Díaz-Roldán & Vicente Esteve, 2003. "Searching for Threshold Effects in the Evolution of Budget Deficits: An Application to the Spanish Case," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2003/29, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  13. Sarno, Lucio, 2001. "The behavior of US public debt: a nonlinear perspective," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 119-125, December.
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