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Government Spending Reloaded: Fundamentalness and Heterogeneity in Fiscal SVARs

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  • Ricco, Giovanni
  • Ellahie, Atif

Abstract

Using a large information approach and full Bayesian VAR techniques, we study the economic effects of fiscal policy shocks in the U.S. over the last five decades. We find that omitted variables can explain the well known sample instability of the estimates for the fiscal multiplier. We also find evidence of fiscal foresight and anticipation of the government spending shocks recovered from small Structural VARs (SVARs). Despite incorporating forecasts of government spending, Expectational VARs (EVARs) also show signs of fiscal foresight and anticipation. Conversely, the fiscal shocks recovered from a large information BVAR do not exhibit the same problem. Moreover, large information SVARs and EVARs deliver identical dynamic responses to fiscal shocks. Finally, we report multipliers and impulse response functions for aggregate government spending as well as for components of government spending, and find remarkably heterogeneous responses.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 42105.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:42105

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Keywords: structural VARs; large Bayesian VARs; fiscal shocks; government spending; government spending news; fiscal foresight; survey of professional forecasters;

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