Analyse de la demande de crédit du secteur privé dans l’UEMOA :
[Credit demand for the private sector in WAEMU]
AbstractOur study is one of the first studies on the WAEMU area to focus on the credit channel. Indeed, an investigation of the credit demand is relevant, because credit to the private sector is increasing as a share of the money supply counterparties and the role of banks in the financial system. To this end, we relate in a cointegrating long-term relationship, credit to the private sector with variables such as real GDP, real interest rate and inflation. For the whole area, inflation does not seem to be a critical variable in this relationship and the interest rate appears with a positive sign against all odds. The estimation of the dynamic equation shows a convergence of demand for real credit to the long-term equilibrium. Moreover, by applying the model to Côte d'Ivoire and Senegal, two major countries in the region, only Côte d'Ivoire shows heterogeneity. GDP elasticity decreases when we move from the period before the devaluation after devaluation. This can be explained by the use of other forms of financing in Côte d’Ivoire. Monetary authority should therefore take into account this heterogeneity, when formulating economic policy on private sector credit.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 41318.
Date of creation: 28 Sep 2003
Date of revision: 28 Sep 2003
credit demand; cointegration relationship; WAEMU;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
- E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
- N97 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Africa; Oceania
- C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models &bull Diffusion Processes
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Xavier Freixas & Jean-Charles Rochet, 1997. "Microeconomics of Banking," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262061937, December.
- Calza, Alessandro & Gartner, Christine & Sousa, João, 2001.
"Modelling the demand for loans to the private sector in the euro area,"
Working Paper Series
0055, European Central Bank.
- A. Calza & C. Gartner & J. Sousa, 2003. "Modelling the demand for loans to the private sector in the euro area," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 107-117.
- Calza, Alessandro & Manrique, Marta & Sousa, João, 2003. "Aggregate loans to the euro area private sector," Working Paper Series 0202, European Central Bank.
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