Banking and Economic Development in Morocco
AbstractIn Morocco, as elsewhere, banking is the principal financial sector it has the potential to contribute the most or to most severely retard economic development. But the banking industry’s potential performance is constrained by the monetary policies of the central bank. This paper reviews some major factors favoring a strong banking industry that boosts development, as well as the major obstacles that have or continue to face the industry and the economy. The Moroccan central bank, Bank al’Magrib, has been very successful in providing a strong financial environment for the nation. Within this environment, indeed, perhaps because of it, the nation’s banking sector is performing very well. One of the main recent achievements has been the near elimination of so-called “specialized banks,” government institutions set up to provide directed credit to key sectors of the economy. These banks were a major drag on the private financial sector, boosting risk and raising costs, lowering returns to private banks and reducing the their supply of credit and raising the cost of credit for the private sector. These institutions have largely been merged into private firms and their special status eliminated. Fiscal policy continues to remain a major barrier to private capital formation and bank lending. Unfortunately government policy continues to favor running large budget deficits, continuing the waste of scarce national resources. In addition, very high marginal tax rates kick in at very low levels of income, penalizing saving and investment and risk-taking activity.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 4121.
Date of creation: 15 Nov 2005
Date of revision:
banking; budget deficit; exchange rates; inflation; development;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
- F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
- G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ekkehart Schlicht).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.