Monetary policy and endogenous market structure in a schumpeterian economy
AbstractIn this study, we develop a monetary Schumpeterian growth model with endogenous market structure (EMS) to explore the effects of monetary policy on the number of firms, �firm size, economic growth and social welfare. EMS leads to richer implications and different results from previous studies in which market structure is exogenous. In the short run, a higher nominal interest rate leads to lower growth rates of innovation, output and consumption and also smaller �rm size due to a reduction in labor supply. In the long run, an increase in the nominal interest rate reduces the equilibrium number of �firms but has no effect on economic growth and fi�rm size because of a scale-invariant property of the model as a result of entry and exit of fi�rms. Although monetary policy has no long-run effect on economic growth, an increase in the nominal interest rate permanently reduces the levels of output, consumption and employment. Taking into account transition dynamics, we �nd that social welfare is decreasing in the nominal interest rate. Given that a zero nominal interest rate maximizes welfare, Friedman rule is optimal in this economy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 41027.
Date of creation: 27 Aug 2012
Date of revision:
monetary policy; economic growth; R&D; endogenous market structure;
Other versions of this item:
- Chu, Angus C. & Ji, Lei, 2012. "Monetary policy and endogenous market structure in a Schumpeterian economy," MPRA Paper 40467, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- O30 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
- O40 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
- E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-09-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-DGE-2012-09-09 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-FDG-2012-09-09 (Financial Development & Growth)
- NEP-INO-2012-09-09 (Innovation)
- NEP-MON-2012-09-09 (Monetary Economics)
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