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Intergenerational mobility in educational & occupational attainment: a comparative study of social classes in India

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  • Majumder, Rajarshi

Abstract

Discrimination against specific ethnic groups transcends the boundary of current generation and perpetuates across future generations as well. This is manifested as low Intergenerational Mobility in terms of both Education and Occupation in developing countries in general, and among specific ethnic groups within those countries in particular. The present paper examines the extent of intergenerational mobility in both educational and occupational attainments for diverse ethnic groups in India to understand the inertia of discrimination prevalent. Results indicate strong intergenerational stickiness in both educational achievement and occupational distribution among the scheduled castes and tribes who have been discriminated against historically. Occupational mobility is lower than educational mobility indicating that educational progress is not being transformed to occupational improvement and brings up the possibility of discrimination in the labour market. This also brings to fore the fact that historical discrimination and social exclusion have had a long run effect and the inertia is quite strong.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40939.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40939

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Related research

Keywords: Intergenerational Mobility; Education; Occupational Choice; Social Disparity; India;

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  1. Sarah Brown & Steven Mcintosh & Karl Taylor, 2011. "Following in Your Parents’ Footsteps? Empirical Analysis of Matched Parent–Offspring Test Scores," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 73(1), pages 40-58, 02.
  2. Megan Louw & Servaas van der Berg & Derek Yu, 2006. "Educational attainment and intergenerational social mobility in South Africa," Working Papers, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics 09/2006, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
  3. Gang, Ira & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 1996. "Is Child Like Parent? Educational Attainment and Ethnic Origin," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1461, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4267, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Parsons, Donald O, 1975. "Intergenerational Wealth Transfers and the Educational Decisions of Male Youth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 89(4), pages 603-17, November.
  6. Checchi, Daniele & Fiorio, Carlo V. & Leonardi, Marco, 2013. "Intergenerational persistence of educational attainment in Italy," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 229-232.
  7. Bhashkar Mazumder, 2002. "Earnings Mobility in the US: A New Look at Intergenerational Inequality," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 02-11, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  8. Robert Erikson & John H. Goldthorpe, 2002. "Intergenerational Inequality: A Sociological Perspective," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 16(3), pages 31-44, Summer.
  9. Peters, H Elizabeth, 1992. "Patterns of Intergenerational Mobility in Income and Earnings," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 74(3), pages 456-66, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Agostino Tarsitano & Rosetta Lombardo, 2013. "A Coefficient of Correlation Based on Ratios of Ranks and Anti-ranks," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 233(2), pages 206-224, March.

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