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Regional development and greenhouse gases emission: the case of the Amazon Region

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  • Imori, Denise
  • Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins
  • David, Letícia Scretas
  • Gutierre, Leopoldo Millan
  • Waisman, Caio

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to verify the existence of possible tradeoffs between policies direct to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) with the ones direct to foster the development of the Brazilian Amazon Region, considering its economic relations with the rest of the country and the international markets. In order to achieve this goal, this paper uses an interregional input-output (I-O) model, estimated for the Brazilian economy for the year of 2004. The I-O model is used to make a comparison between the economical and the environmental relevance of each sector in the Amazon region and the rest of Brazil. This study considers the greenhouse gases emissions not only from the economic activities by itself, but, also for the more important factor of the land-use changes. This is a fact of most importance, given that in 2005, about 60% of the Brazilian GHGs emissions were due to the land-use change in its different biomes. Moreover, in the Brazilian Amazon region, especially in the last decades, the deforestation was linked mainly to economic factors than to policies conducted by the government. The results show that the sectors with the greatest importance in terms of emissions are cattle and soybean production. Also, they are also the most prominent for the region's economic development. This poses a dilemma that needs to be faced not only by Brazil, but also by the developed nations, as the burden of the reduction in the greenhouse gases emission in the Brazilian Amazon region cannot be only put on the poor population of the region!

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40606.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40606

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Related research

Keywords: Amazon Region; Greenhouse Gases; Input-Output; Regional Development; Productive Structure;

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References

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  1. Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins & Sesso Filho, Umberto Antonio, 2005. "Visualizing Input-Output Data: Some New Techniques Applied to the Amazon Region," MPRA Paper 38313, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Guilhoto, J. J. M. & Sesso Filho, U. A., 2005. "Estimação da Matriz Insumo-Produto a Partir De Dados Preliminares das Contas Nacionais
    [Estimation of input-output matrix using preliminary data from national accounts]
    ," MPRA Paper 38212, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Nordhaus, William D, 1991. "To Slow or Not to Slow: The Economics of the Greenhouse Effect," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(407), pages 920-37, July.
  4. Sesso Filho, Umberto Antonio & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2009. "Estrutura produtiva do Pará: Uma análise de insumo-produto
    [Production structure of Para: An Analysis of input-output]
    ," MPRA Paper 30732, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Imori, Denise & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins & David, Leticia Scretas & Gutierre, Leopoldo Millan & Waisman, Caio, 2011. "The development of the brazilian amazon region and greenhouse gases emission: a dilemma to be faced!," MPRA Paper 31132, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Machado, Giovani & Schaeffer, Roberto & Worrell, Ernst, 2001. "Energy and carbon embodied in the international trade of Brazil: an input-output approach," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 409-424, December.
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