Heterogeneity of the Maghreb: the results of optimized monetary rules
AbstractThe launch of the euro has fed doubts concerning the constitution of an optimal European monetary zone. Indeed, the differences in legal, institutional and cultural frameworks… as well as the diversity of the productive and financial European systems may have led to the idea that Europe does not constitute a viable monetary zone. In Africa, the decision of African Central Bank governors to adopt a single currency by 2021 and the call from the union of Maghreb banks in November 2007 to create one currency for the Maghreb (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania and Tunisia) raises the same doubts as to the efficiency of such decisions. In this preliminary work, we have tried to evaluate implicitly the pertinence of such decision by showing in a first section the heterogeneity of Maghrebian monetary regimes. We have tried to illustrate in a second section this heterogeneity via a model describing the functioning of the economy of these countries. Finally, we have attempted to show in a third section the consequences of these heterogeneities by simulating optimal monetary rules defined for each country. Our results suggest that these countries will need divergent Taylor rules and that the decision to belong to the same monetary union where a common monetary policy will be conducted proved to be unsuitable.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40374.
Date of creation: 10 Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal 3 & 4.1(2009): pp. 1-24
Monetary policy; exchange rate; heterogeneity; Taylor rule; Maghreb;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
- F50 - International Economics - - International Relations and International Political Economy - - - General
- F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
- E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
- E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
- F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
- E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
- E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
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